Robert Smalls, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

Robert Smalls

American politician

Date of Birth: 05-Apr-1839

Place of Birth: Beaufort, South Carolina, United States

Date of Death: 23-Feb-1915

Profession: politician, military officer

Nationality: United States

Zodiac Sign: Aries


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About Robert Smalls

  • Robert Smalls (April 5, 1839 – February 23, 1915) was an American businessman, publisher, and politician.
  • Born into slavery in Beaufort, South Carolina, he freed himself, his crew, and their families during the American Civil War by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, on May 13, 1862, and sailing it from Confederate-controlled waters of the harbor to the U.S.
  • blockade that surrounded it.
  • He then piloted the ship to the Union-controlled enclave in Beaufort-Port Royal-Hilton Head area, where she became a Union warship.
  • His example and persuasion helped convince President Abraham Lincoln to accept African-American soldiers into the Union Army. After the American Civil War he returned to Beaufort and became a politician, winning election as a Republican to the South Carolina State legislature and the United States House of Representatives during the Reconstruction era.
  • Smalls authored state legislation providing for South Carolina to have the first free and compulsory public school system in the United States.
  • He founded the Republican Party of South Carolina.
  • Smalls was the last Republican to represent South Carolina's 5th congressional district until 2010.

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