Nestor Makhno, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Nestor Makhno

Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary

Date of Birth: 26-Oct-1888

Place of Birth: Huliaipole, Zaporizhzhya Oblast, Ukraine

Date of Death: 06-Jul-1934

Profession: writer, military personnel, politician, farmer, painter, revolutionary, anarchist

Zodiac Sign: Scorpio

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About Nestor Makhno

  • Nestor Ivanovych Makhno (Ukrainian: ??´???? ??á????? ?????´; 7 November [O.S.
  • 26 October] 1888 – July 25, 1934), commonly known as Bat'ko Makhno (Ukrainian: ['b?t?ko m?x'n?], "Father Makhno"), was a Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary and the commander of an independent anarchist army in Ukraine from 1917–22. As commander of the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine, commonly referred to as the Makhnovshchina (loosely translated as "Makhno movement"), Makhno led a guerrilla campaign.
  • The term encompasses not only the army but the whole of the movement's activities and overall spirit.
  • The suffix -shchina can be employed in a slightly derogatory manner, but this is not the intention in this case, given that the movement's adherents – including Makhno himself – frequently used the term to describe themselves.
  • Makhno fought all factions which sought to impose any external authority over southern Ukraine, battling in succession the forces of the Ukrainian National Republic, the Central Powers, the Hetmanate state, the Russian White Army, the Russian Red Army, and other smaller forces led by Ukrainian atamans.
  • He is also credited as the inventor of the tachanka, a horse-drawn platform mounting a heavy machine gun.
  • Makhno and his movement repeatedly attempted to reorganize life in the Huliaipole region along anarchist lines; however, the disruptions of the civil war precluded any long-term social experiments. Although Makhno considered the Bolsheviks a threat to the development of an anarchist Free Territory within Ukraine, he twice entered into military alliances with them to defeat the White Army.
  • In the aftermath of the defeat of the White Army in the region in November 1920, the Bolsheviks initiated a military campaign against Makhno, which concluded with his escape across the Romanian border in August 1921.
  • After a series of imprisonments and escapes, Makhno finally settled in Paris with his wife Halyna and daughter Yelena.
  • In exile Makhno wrote three volumes of memoirs.
  • Makhno died in exile at the age of 45 from tuberculosis-related causes.

Read more at Wikipedia