Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was an American Marxist and former U.S.
Marine who assassinated United States President John F.
Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
Oswald was honorably released from active duty in the Marine Corps into the reserve and defected to the Soviet Union in October 1959.
He lived in Minsk until June 1962, when he returned to the United States with his Russian wife, Marina, and eventually settled in Dallas.
Five government investigations concluded that Oswald shot and killed Kennedy from the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository as the President traveled by motorcade through Dealey Plaza in Dallas.
About 45 minutes after assassinating Kennedy, Oswald shot and killed Dallas police officer J.
Tippit on a local street.
He then slipped into a movie theater, where he was arrested for Tippit's murder.
Oswald was eventually charged with the assassination of Kennedy; he denied the accusations and stated that he was a "patsy." Two days later, Oswald was fatally shot by local nightclub owner Jack Ruby on live television in the basement of Dallas Police Headquarters.
In September 1964, the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald acted alone when he assassinated Kennedy by firing three shots from the Texas School Book Depository.
This conclusion, though controversial, was supported by previous investigations from the FBI, the Secret Service, and the Dallas Police Department.
Despite forensic, ballistic, and eyewitness evidence supporting the official findings, public opinion polls have shown that most Americans do not believe the official version of the events.
The assassination has spawned numerous conspiracy theories.