Robert Nivelle, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Robert Nivelle

French artillery officer

Date of Birth: 15-Oct-1856

Place of Birth: Tulle, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Date of Death: 22-Mar-1924

Profession: military personnel

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Libra

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About Robert Nivelle

  • Robert Georges Nivelle (French: [niv?l]; 15 October 1856 – 22 March 1924) was a French artillery officer who served in the Boxer Rebellion, and the First World War.
  • Nivelle was a very capable commander and organizer of field artillery at the regimental and divisional levels.
  • In May 1916, he succeeded Philippe Pétain as commander of the French Second Army in the Battle of Verdun, leading counter-offensives that rolled back the German forces in late 1916.
  • During these actions he and General Charles Mangin were already accused of wasting French lives. Following the successes at Verdun, Nivelle was promoted to commander-in-chief of the French armies on the Western Front in December 1916, largely because of his persuasiveness with French and British political leaders, aided by his fluency in English.
  • He was responsible for the Nivelle Offensive at the Chemin des Dames, which had aroused skepticism already in its planning stages.
  • When the costly offensive failed to achieve a breakthrough on the Western Front, a major mutiny occurred, affecting roughly half the French Army, which conducted no further major offensive action for several months.
  • Nivelle was replaced as commander-in-chief by Philippe Pétain in May 1917.

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