Ferdinand André Fouqué, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Ferdinand André Fouqué

French geologist

Date of Birth: 21-Jun-1828

Place of Birth: Mortain, Normandy, France

Date of Death: 07-Mar-1904

Profession: professor, geologist, volcanologist, petrographer

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Cancer

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About Ferdinand André Fouqué

  • Ferdinand André Fouqué (21 June 1828 – 7 March 1904) was a French geologist and petrologist. He was born at Mortain, in the Manche département. At the age of twenty-one he entered the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, and from 1853 to 1858 he held the appointment of keeper of the scientific collections.
  • In 1877 he became professor of natural history in the chair of geology at the Collège de France, in Paris, succeeding Charles Sainte-Claire Deville.
  • In 1881 Fouqué was elected a member of the Academy of Sciences.As a stratigraphical geologist he rendered much assistance on the Geological Survey of France, but in the course of time he gave his special attention to the study of volcanic phenomena and earthquakes, to minerals and rocks; and he was the first to introduce modern petrographical methods into France.
  • He also worked on volcanic gas analyses, using the methods of Robert Bunsen, notably on the island of Santorini (Greece).
  • One prominent student of his was Alfred Lacroix, to whom Fouqué's daughter was married.His studies of the eruptive rocks of Corsica, Santorini and elsewhere; his researches on the artificial reproduction of eruptive rocks, and his treatise on the optical characters of feldspars deserve special mention; but he was perhaps best known for the joint work which he carried on with his friend Auguste Michel-Lévy.His chief publications were: Santorin et ses éruptions (1879), Minéralogie micrographique : roches éruptives françaises (1879) and Synthèse des minéraux et des roches (1882); the latter two works written in collaboration with Auguste Michel-Lévy. In 1885 he edited the report of the French commission that investigated the Andalusian earthquake of 25 December 1884.Fouqué is also noteworthy for his archaeological excavations on the island of Santorini. ...
  • Ten years before Schliemann, in 1862, during geological excavations, in that astonishing volcanic product, the island of Santorin (Thera), M.
  • Fouqué had brought to light a whole civilisation buried beneath a layer of pumice-stone, due to an eruption supposed to have happened about 2000 B.C.
  • He found walls coated with stucco, and painted with stripes and floral decorations, hand-made and wheel-made pottery; in short, the relics of a civilisation which we should now call 'Mycenæan.'

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