Wilfred Gordon Bigelow, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Wilfred Gordon Bigelow

heart surgeon

Date of Birth: 18-Jun-1913

Place of Birth: Brandon, Manitoba, Canada

Date of Death: 27-Mar-2005

Profession: surgeon

Nationality: Canada

Zodiac Sign: Gemini

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About Wilfred Gordon Bigelow

  • Wilfred Gordon "Bill" Bigelow, (June 18, 1913 – March 27, 2005) was a Canadian heart surgeon known for his role in developing the artificial pacemaker and the use of hypothermia in open heart surgery.Born in Brandon, Manitoba, the son of Dr.
  • Wilfred Abram Bigelow, founder of the first private medical clinic in Canada, and Grace Ann Gordon, nurse and midwife, he gained his MD from the University of Toronto in 1938.
  • He served during World War II as a captain in the Royal Canadian Medical Army Corps, performing battle surgery on the frontlines.
  • He was appointed to the surgical staff of Toronto General Hospital in 1947, after spending a year at Johns Hopkins Medical School, and to the Department of Surgery at the University of Toronto in 1948. In the 1950s, Bigelow developed the idea of using hypothermia as a medical procedure.
  • This involves reducing a patient's body temperature prior to an operation in order to reduce the amount of oxygen needed, making heart operations safer.He wrote two books, Cold Hearts and Mysterious Heparin.
  • He served as a director of the Audubon Society and the Nature Conservancy of Canada. In 1981 he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.
  • He was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame in 1997. He was married to Ruth Jennings for almost 60 years.
  • They had four children; Pixie, John, Dan and Bill.

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