Sextil Pușcariu, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

Sextil Pușcariu

Romanian diplomat and academic

Date of Birth: 04-Jan-1877

Place of Birth: Brașov, Brașov County, Romania

Date of Death: 05-May-1948

Profession: politician, diplomat, historian, university teacher, sociologist, romanist, literary critic, philologist, literary historian, linguist, lexicographer, diarist

Nationality: Romania

Zodiac Sign: Capricorn


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About Sextil Pușcariu

  • Sextil Iosif Pu?cariu (4 January 1877 – 5 May 1948) was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian linguist and philologist.
  • A native of Bra?ov educated in France and Germany, he was active in Transylvania's cultural life and worked as a Romanian-language professor at Czernowitz in Bukovina.
  • A soldier for Austria-Hungary during World War I, he embraced the creation of Greater Romania at its conclusion, leading efforts to create a new university in Cluj and setting up a research institute in the same city dedicated to the study of his native language.
  • Interested in a variety of disciplines, he published widely and brought new ideas into Romania, as well as overseeing two monumental projects related to the language: the composition of a dictionary, and the creation of an atlas. Committed to ethnic nationalism and cultural conservatism, Pu?cariu radicalized himself during the 1920s and '30s, emerging as a supporter of fascist politics.
  • With the onset of World War II, he moved to Berlin, where he led a propaganda institute meant to promote Romanian culture in the German Reich, as well as counter Hungary's justifications for absorbing Northern Transylvania.
  • After his return home, his health deteriorated while the authorities of the new Communist regime initiated legal proceedings.
  • He died before he could be sentenced, and while his work was largely shunned for two decades, his legacy revived following the collapse of the regime.

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