Théophraste Renaudot, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

Théophraste Renaudot

French newspaper publisher and historian

Date of Birth: 01-Jan-1586

Place of Birth: Loudun, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Date of Death: 25-Oct-1653

Profession: historian, physician writer, journalist

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Capricorn


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About Théophraste Renaudot

  • Théophraste Renaudot (December 1586 – 25 October 1653) was a French physician, philanthropist, and journalist. Born in Loudun, Renaudot received a doctorate of medicine from the University of Montpellier in 1606.
  • He returned to Loudon where he met Cardinal Richelieu and Père Joseph.
  • In the 1610s, Richelieu became more powerful and Renaudot followed him to Paris.
  • Renaudot, born a Protestant, converted to Catholicism.
  • He became the physician of Louis XIII of France.In 1630, Renaudot opened the bureau d'adresse et de rencontre, where prospective employers and employees could find each other.
  • With the support of Richelieu, he established the first weekly newspaper in France, La Gazette, in 1631.
  • Starting in 1633, he organized weekly public conferences on subjects of interest and published the proceedings; the conferences were discontinued in 1642, when Richelieu died.
  • About 240 conference proceedings were translated into English and published in London in 1664 and 1665. Renaudot opened the mont-de-piété, the first pawnshop in Paris, in 1637.
  • Appointed "General Overseer of the Poor" by Richelieu, he initiated a system of free medical consultations for the poor (1640).
  • In 1642 he published a self-diagnostic handbook, the first treatise on diagnosis in France. After the deaths of his benefactors, Richelieu and Louis XIII, Renaudot lost his permission to practice medicine in Paris, due to the opposition of Guy Patin and other academic physicians.
  • Cardinal Mazarin made Renaudot Historiographer Royal to the new king, Louis XIV (Latin: Historiographus Regius) in 1646. Renaudot died in Paris, in 1653. Mark Tungate in 2007 termed him the "first French journalist" and the "inventor of the personal ad".

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