Ivo Josipovic (Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [i??o josi?po?it?] (listen); born 28 August 1957) is a Croatian jurist, composer and politician who served as the President of Croatia from 2010 to 2015.Josipovic entered politics as a member of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ), and played a key role in the democratic transformation of the League of Communists of Croatia into the Social Democratic Party (SDP) as the author of its first statute.
He left politics in 1994, but returned in 2003, winning a seat in the Croatian Parliament running as an independent candidate on the SDP party list.
He won reelection to parliament as a member of the SDP in 2007.
In addition to politics, Josipovic has also worked as a university professor, legal expert, musician and composer.
Following the end of his first term in parliament in January 2008, he ran in the 2009–10 presidential election as the candidate of the Social Democrats, which he had rejoined in January 2008.
In the first round he topped eleven rivals with 32.4% of the vote, and entered the run-off with independent conservative populist candidate and mayor of Zagreb, Milan Bandic, who had secured 14.8%.
He won the election with 60.26% of the vote in the second round of the election.
His campaign was titled New Justice (Nova Pravednost), calling for a new legal framework to address deep social injustice, corruption and organised crime.
This included protection of individual rights and promotion of fundamental values such as equality, human rights, LGBT rights, justice, diligence, social empathy and creativity.
Josipovic was inaugurated on 18 February 2010, at St.
Mark's Square in Zagreb.
His term officially began at midnight on 19 February.
Josipovic sought re-election in the 2014–15 presidential election held on 28 December 2014.
He won 38.46% of the vote in the first round, finishing narrowly ahead of conservative HDZ candidate Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic.
They entered a run-off, which took place on 11 January 2015 and which Josipovic ultimately lost by a slim margin of around 32.500 votes, winning 49.3% of the vote to Grabar-Kitarovi's 50.7%.
He is the first President of Croatia not to be reelected to a second term.