Nicolas Schöffer, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Nicolas Schöffer

French sculptor and plastician

Date of Birth: 06-Sep-1912

Place of Birth: Kalocsa, Bács-Kiskun County, Hungary

Date of Death: 08-Jan-1992

Profession: architect, painter, sculptor, visual artist

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Virgo

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About Nicolas Schöffer

  • Nicolas Schöffer (Hungarian: Schöffer Miklós; 6 September 1912 — 8 January 1992) was a Hungarian-born French cybernetic artist.
  • Schöffer was born in Kalocsa, Hungary and resided in Paris from 1936 until his death in Montmartre in 1992.
  • He built his artworks on cybernetic theories of feedback interactivity primarily based on the ideas of Norbert Wiener.
  • Wiener's work suggested to Schöffer an artistic process in terms of the circular causality of feedback loops.
  • Schöffer's kinetic art sculpture "CYSP 1" from 1956, that made use of electronic computations developed by the Philips Company, is considered the first cybernetic sculpture in art history.
  • The sculpture is set on a base mounted on four rollers, which contains the mechanism and the electronic brain.
  • The plates are operated by small motors located under their axis.
  • Photo-electric cells and a microphone built into the sculpture catch all the variations in the fields of color, light intensity and sound intensity.
  • All these changes occasion reactions on the part of the responsive sculpture.

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