Samuel de Champlain, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Samuel de Champlain

French explorer and cartographer of the New World in the 1600s

Date of Birth: 13-Aug-1567

Place of Birth: Hiers-Brouage, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Date of Death: 25-Dec-1635

Profession: politician, diplomat, geographer, soldier, explorer

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Leo

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About Samuel de Champlain

  • Samuel de Champlain (French pronunciation: ?[samy?l d? ??~pl?~]) (about 13 August 1567 – 25 December 1635) was a French colonist, navigator, cartographer, draftsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler.
  • He made between 21 and 29 trips across the Atlantic Ocean, and founded Quebec, and New France, on 3 July 1608.
  • An important figure in Canadian history, Champlain created the first accurate coastal map during his explorations, and founded various colonial settlements. Born into a family of mariners, Champlain began exploring North America in 1603, under the guidance of his uncle, François GravĂ© Du Pont.
  • From 1604 to 1607, he participated in the exploration and settlement of the first permanent European settlement north of Florida, Port Royal, Acadia (1605), as well as the first European settlement that would become Saint John, New Brunswick (1604).
  • In 1608, he established the French settlement that is now Quebec City.
  • Champlain was the first European to describe the Great Lakes, and published maps of his journeys and accounts of what he learned from the natives and the French living among the Natives.
  • He formed relationships with local Montagnais and Innu, and, later, with others farther west — tribes of the (Ottawa River, Lake Nipissing, and Georgian Bay), and with Algonquin and Wendat; he also agreed to provide assistance in the Beaver Wars against the Iroquois. In 1620, Louis XIII of France ordered Champlain to cease exploration, return to Quebec, and devote himself to the administration of the country.
  • In every way but formal title, Samuel de Champlain served as Governor of New France, a title that may have been formally unavailable to him owing to his non-noble status.
  • He established trading companies that sent goods, primarily fur, to France, and oversaw the growth of New France in the St.
  • Lawrence River valley until his death, in 1635. Champlain is memorialized as the "Father of New France" and "Father of Acadia", with many places, streets, and structures in northeastern North America bearing his name, most notably Lake Champlain.

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