Bjørn Helland-Hansen, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Bjørn Helland-Hansen

Norwegian oceanographer

Date of Birth: 16-Oct-1877

Place of Birth: Christiania, Norway

Date of Death: 07-Sep-1957

Profession: professor, oceanographer

Nationality: Norway

Zodiac Sign: Libra

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About Bjørn Helland-Hansen

  • Bjørn Helland-Hansen (16 October 1877 – 7 September 1957) was a Norwegian pioneer in the field of modern oceanography.
  • He studied the variation patterns of the weather in the northern Atlantic Ocean and of the atmosphere.
  • He studied both medicine and physics at the University of Christiania (now University of Oslo). He developed the "Helland-Hansen Photometer" in 1910, which was carried on board Michael Sars.
  • It was operated for the first time close to the Azores at a depth between 500 and m.
  • In 1915 he became Professor of oceanography at the Bergen Museum, and in 1917 director of the Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen.In 1933 he was awarded the Alexander Agassiz Medal.
  • From 1946 to 1948, Helland-Hansen was President of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG).
  • He was a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and a member of the Member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic (DDR). Helland-Hansen trained Alexander Kuchin, the Russian oceanographer who went to Antarctica with Roald Amundsen.
  • An island in the Russian Arctic, east of the Geiberg Islands, has been named Gellanda-Gansena after Helland-Hansen.

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