Johann Patkul, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Johann Patkul

Livonian nobleman, politician

Date of Birth: 27-Jul-1660

Place of Birth: Stockholm, Sweden

Date of Death: 10-Oct-1707

Profession: military personnel, diplomat

Nationality: Sweden

Zodiac Sign: Leo

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About Johann Patkul

  • Johann Reinhold Patkul (27 July 1660 – 10 October 1707) was a Livonian nobleman, politician and agitator of Baltic German extraction.
  • Born as a subject to the Swedish Crown, he protested against the manner of King Charles XI of Sweden's reduction in Livonia, enraging the king, who had him arrested and sentenced to mutilation and death (1694).
  • Patkul fled from the Swedish Empire to continental Europe, and played a key role in the secret diplomacy (1698-1699) allying Peter I of Russia, Augustus II the Strong of Saxony and the Poland–Lithuania - as well as Christian V and his successor Frederick IV of Denmark–Norway - against Charles XII of Sweden, triggering the Great Northern War of 1700-1721.
  • During the first war years, Patkul retained a key role in the communication between the allies and other European courts, holding positions at king Augustus's court first in Augustus's interests (1698-1700), then in tsar Peter's service (1702- ).
  • In late 1705 Patkul fell from Augustus's favor and was arrested and charged with high treason.
  • Throughout the following year he was detained first in Sonnenstein, then in Königstein (both in Saxony), before Charles XII forced Augustus to extradite him by the Treaty of Altranstädt in late 1706.
  • Patkul spent another year in Swedish detention before Charles XII had him broken on the wheel and decapitated.

Read more at Wikipedia