František Vlácil (February 19, 1924, Ceský Tešín – January 28, 1999, Prague) was a Czech film director, painter, and graphic artist.
Between 1945 and 1950, he studied esthetics and art history at Masaryk University in Brno.
Later he worked in various groups and ateliers (e.g.
on animated films), but his main area became played film.
His films are well known for extraordinarily high art quality.
Vlácil was awarded many film prizes like the Prize of the International Film Festival 1998 in Karlovy Vary or the Czech Lion Prize for his longstanding contribution to world film culture.
In 1998 Vlácil was voted the greatest Czech director of all time by a poll of Czech film critics.
His film Marketa Lazarová is considered by some critics to be the best Czech film ever made.