Charles Sauria, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Charles Sauria

French chemist

Date of Birth: 25-Apr-1812

Place of Birth: Poligny, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Date of Death: 22-Aug-1895

Profession: chemist

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Taurus

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About Charles Sauria

  • Marc Charles Sauria (25 April 1812 – 22 August 1895) was a French chemist credited for inventing phosphorus-based matches in 1830–1831.Several events are believed to have led Sauria to his discovery, including the hydrogen lighter introduced in 1827 by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and the demonstration by his chemistry professor Nicolet where a powder mixture of potassium chlorate and sulfur was detonated by a blow.
  • During a long series of experiments, Sauria went on to add white phosphorus that helped ignite the mixture by friction.
  • He finalized the invention by adding gum arabic to hold the powders together, and dipping pieces of wood into it.Sauria was a poor student at the time; however, Nicolet communicated his invention to German industrialist Friedrich Kammerer who had patented it and used it in mass production of matches.
  • The British chemist John Walker had introduced a very similar match some five years earlier, where he used antimony sulfide instead of white phosphorus.
  • However, the phosphorus matches became more popular, mostly because of the reduced smell of sulfur, and quickly replaced those made by Walker.
  • Around the time of Sauria's death, some 3 trillion of white phosphorus matches per year were produced worldwide.
  • However, white phosphorus was soon proven to be toxic and banned by the international Berne Convention in 1906.

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