James Clark McReynolds (February 3, 1862 – August 24, 1946) was an American lawyer and judge from Tennessee who served as United States Attorney General under President Woodrow Wilson and as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
He served on the Court from October 1914 to his retirement in January 1941.
He was best known for his sustained opposition to the domestic programs of President Franklin D.
Roosevelt and his overt anti-semitism.
Born in Elkton, Kentucky, McReynolds practiced law in Tennessee after graduating from the University of Virginia School of Law.
He served as the Assistant Attorney General during the administration of President Theodore Roosevelt and became well known for his skill in antitrust cases.
After President Wilson took office in 1913, he appointed McReynolds as his administration's first Attorney General.
Wilson successfully nominated McReynolds to the Supreme Court in 1914 to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Associate Justice Horace Harmon Lurton.
In his twenty-six years on the bench, McReynolds wrote more than 506 majority opinions for the court and 157 dissents, 93 of which were against the New Deal.
McReynolds was part of the "Four Horsemen" bloc of conservative justices who frequently voted to strike down New Deal programs.
He assumed senior status in 1941 and was succeeded by James F.
During his Supreme Court tenure, McReynolds wrote the majority opinion in cases such as Meyer v.