Gunta Stölzl, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Gunta Stölzl

artist (1897-1983)

Date of Birth: 05-Mar-1897

Place of Birth: Munich, Bavaria, Germany

Date of Death: 22-Apr-1983

Profession: writer, painter, designer, textile artist

Nationality: Switzerland, Germany

Zodiac Sign: Pisces

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About Gunta Stölzl

  • Gunta Stölzl (5 March 1897 – 22 April 1983) was a German textile artist who played a fundamental role in the development of the Bauhaus school's weaving workshop.
  • As the Bauhaus' only female master she created enormous change within the weaving department as it transitioned from individual pictorial works to modern industrial designs.
  • Her textile work is thought to typify the distinctive style of Bauhaus textiles.
  • She joined the Bauhaus as a student in 1920, became a junior master in 1927 and a full master the next year.
  • She was dismissed for political reasons in 1931, two years before the Bauhaus closed under pressure from the Nazis. The textile department was a neglected part of the Bauhaus when Stölzl began her career, and its active masters were weak on the technical aspects of textile production.
  • She soon became a mentor to other students and reopened the Bauhaus dye studios in 1921.
  • After a brief departure, Stölzl became the school's weaving director in 1925 when it relocated from Weimar to Dessau and expanded the department to increase its weaving and dyeing facilities.
  • She applied ideas from modern art to weaving, experimented with synthetic materials, and improved the department's technical instruction to include courses in mathematics.
  • The Bauhaus weaving workshop became one of its most successful facilities under her direction.

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