Alamgir II, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Alamgir II

14th Mughal Emperor

Date of Birth: 06-Jun-1699

Place of Birth: Multan, Punjab, Pakistan

Date of Death: 29-Nov-1759

Profession: monarch

Zodiac Sign: Gemini

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About Alamgir II

  • Alamgir II (Urdu: ??????? ????) (6 June 1699 – 29 November 1759) was the Mughal Emperor of India from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759.
  • He was the son of Jahandar Shah. Born Aziz-ud-Din, the second son of Jahandar Shah, was raised to the throne by Imad-ul-Mulk after he deposed Ahmad Shah Bahadur in 1754.
  • On ascending the throne, he took the title of Alamgir and tried to follow the approach of Aurangzeb (Alamgir I).
  • At the time of his accession to throne he was an old man of 55 years.
  • He had no experience of administration and warfare as he had spent most of his life in jail.
  • He was a weak ruler, with all powers vested in the hand of his vizier, Ghazi-ud-Din Imad-ul-Mulk. In 1756, Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded India once again and captured Delhi and plundered Mathura.
  • Marathas became more powerful because of their collaboration with Imad-ul-Mulk, and dominated the whole of northern India.
  • This was the peak of Maratha expansion, which caused great trouble for the Mughal Empire, already weak with no strong ruler.
  • Relations between Alamgir II and his usurping vizier, Imad-ul-Mulk had now deteriorated.
  • He was murdered by Imad-ul-Mulk.
  • Alamgir II's son Ali Gauhar escaped persecution from Delhi, while Shah Jahan III was placed on the throne.

Read more at Wikipedia