Roger Eugene Maris (September 10, 1934 – December 14, 1985) was an American professional baseball right fielder.
He is best known for setting a new major league baseball single-season home run record with 61 home runs in 1961; the record remained unbroken until 1998.
Maris played in the minor leagues from 1953 to 1956, and in the major leagues from 1957 to 1968.
He reached the major leagues in 1957 as a player for the Cleveland Indians.
He was traded to the Kansas City Athletics during the 1958 season, and to the New York Yankees after the 1959 season.
Maris finished his playing career as a member of the St.
Louis Cardinals in 1967 and 1968.
Maris was an American League (AL) All-Star from 1959 through 1962, an AL Most Valuable Player in 1960 and 1961, and an AL Gold Glove Award winner in 1960.
Maris appeared in seven World Series; he played for Yankees teams that won the World Series in 1961 and 1962 and for a Cardinals team that won the World Series in 1967.
Maris' home run record was controversial.
The previous single-season home run record (60, set by Babe Ruth in 1927) was set during a period when Major League Baseball teams played 154 games per season.
Before Maris broke Ruth's record, the American League baseball season had been extended to 162 games.
Maris hit his 61st home run in the very last game of the season, which led to questions about the legitimacy of his record.
In 1998, Mark McGwire set a new Major League record with 70 home runs; in 2001, Barry Bonds surpassed that mark with 73.
Maris continues to hold the American League record for most home runs in a season.