Rudolf Höss, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Rudolf Höss

German war criminal, commandant of Auschwitz

Date of Birth: 25-Nov-1900

Place of Birth: Baden-Baden, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Date of Death: 16-Apr-1947

Profession: politician, military officer, war criminal

Nationality: Germany

Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius

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About Rudolf Höss

  • Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höss (also Höß, Hoeß or Hoess; 25 November 1901 – 16 April 1947) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era who was later judged to be a war criminal.
  • He was the longest-serving commandant of Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp.
  • He tested and implemented various methods to accelerate Hitler's plan to systematically exterminate the Jewish population of Nazi-occupied Europe, known as the "Final Solution".
  • On the initiative of one of his subordinates, Karl Fritzsch, Höss introduced pesticide Zyklon B containing hydrogen cyanide into the killing process.Höss joined the Nazi Party in 1922 at the age of 21 and the SS in 1934.
  • From 4 May 1940 to November 1943, and again from 8 May 1944 to 18 January 1945, he was in charge of Auschwitz, where more than a million people were killed before the defeat of Germany.
  • He was hanged in 1947 following a trial before the Polish Supreme National Tribunal.
  • During his imprisonment, at the request of the Polish authorities, he wrote his memoirs, released in English under the title Commandant of Auschwitz: The Autobiography of Rudolf Hoess.

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