Jules-Émile Péan, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Jules-Émile Péan

French surgeon

Date of Birth: 29-Nov-1830

Place of Birth: Marboué, Centre-Val de Loire, France

Date of Death: 30-Jan-1898

Profession: physician, surgeon

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius

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About Jules-Émile Péan

  • Jules-Émile Péan (29 November 1830 – 20 January 1898) was one of the great French surgeons of the 19th century. Péan was born in 1830 in France.
  • He studied at the college of Chartres and then studied medicine in Paris under Auguste Nélaton.
  • He was appointed a doctor in 1861 and worked at St Antoine and St Louis up to 1893.
  • He then created with its expenses the international hospital.
  • He wrote two volumes of private clinics (1876 and 1890).
  • He was elected to the French Académie Nationale de Médecine on November 22, 1887, and was awarded the rank of Commander of Legion of Honor in 1893.
  • He died on January 20, 1898 in Paris.
  • A street, Rue Péan, in Châteaudun was named after him. Péan was very admired and a follower of hygiene, he disputed the discoveries of Louis Pasteur.
  • He refused to dissect corpses and operated preferably in residence.
  • Although a teacher, he was never named professor.
  • He was the first to make a successful surgical ablation of one cyst of the ovary in 1864.
  • He was also a pioneer in performing a vaginal hysterectomy for carcinoma in 1890.
  • He is believed to have performed the first surgery to correct diverticula of the bladder in 1895.
  • In 1893, he attempted the first known total joint arthroplasty, implanting in the shoulder of a French waiter in 1893; it had to be removed two years later due to infection.
  • He popularized the hemostat that still used in operating rooms around the world.

Read more at Wikipedia