Generaloberst Arthur Freiherr Arz von Straußenburg (Hungarian: Baron Artúr Arz de Straussenburg; 16 June 1857 – 1 July 1935) was an Austro-Hungarian Colonel General and last Chief of the General Staff of the Austro-Hungarian Army.
At the outbreak of the First World War, he commanded the 15th Infantry Division.
Soon, he was promoted to the head of the 6th Corps and the First Army.
He participated on the Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive in 1915 and the countryside of Romania in 1916.
In March 1917, he became Chief of the General Staff until his resignation on 3 November 1918.