Ziya Gökalp, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Ziya Gökalp

Ottoman Turkish poet, writer

Date of Birth: 23-Mar-1876

Place of Birth: Diyarbakır, Turkey

Date of Death: 25-Oct-1924

Profession: scientist, writer, poet, politician, university teacher, sociologist, philosopher, turkologist

Nationality: Turkey

Zodiac Sign: Aries

Show Famous Birthdays Today, Turkey

👉 Worldwide Celebrity Birthdays Today

About Ziya Gökalp

  • Mehmed Ziya Gökalp (23 March 1876 – 25 October 1924) was a Turkish sociologist, writer, poet, and political activist.
  • After the 1908 Young Turk Revolution that reinstated constitutionalism in the Ottoman Empire, he adopted the pen name Gökalp ("sky hero"), which he retained for the rest of his life.
  • As a sociologist, Ziya Gökalp was influential in the negation of Islamism, pan-Islamism, and Ottomanism as ideological, cultural, and sociological identifiers.
  • In a 1936 publication, sociologist Niyazi Berkes described Gökalp as "the real founder of Turkish sociology, since he was not a mere translator or interpreter of foreign sociology."Gökalp's work was particularly influential in shaping the reforms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk; his influence figured prominently in the development of Kemalism, and its legacy in the modern Republic of Turkey.
  • Influenced by contemporary European thought, particularly by the sociological view of Émile Durkheim, Gökalp rejected Ottomanism and Islamism in favor of Turkish nationalism.
  • He advocated a re-Turkification of the Ottoman Empire, by promoting Turkish language and culture to all Ottoman citizenry.
  • He found Greeks, Armenians and Jews to be a foreign body in the national Turkish state.
  • His thought, which popularized Pan-Turkism and Turanism, has been described as a "cult of nationalism and modernization".
  • His nationalist ideals espoused a de-identification with Ottoman Turkey's nearby Arab neighbors, in lieu of a supernational Turkish (or pan-Turkic) identity with "a territorial Northeast-orientation [to] Turkic peoples".

Read more at Wikipedia