Lucre?iu Patra?canu (Romanian pronunciation: [lu'kret?sju p?tr??'kanu]; November 4, 1900 – April 17, 1954) was a Romanian communist politician and leading member of the Communist Party of Romania (PCR), also noted for his activities as a lawyer, sociologist and economist.
For a while, he was a professor at Bucharest University.
Patra?canu rose to a government position before the end of World War II and, after having disagreed with Stalinist tenets on several occasions, eventually came into conflict with the Romanian Communist government of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej.
He became a political prisoner and was ultimately executed.
Fourteen years after Patra?canu's death, Romania's new communist leader, Nicolae Ceau?escu, endorsed his rehabilitation as part of a change in policy.