Pierre Macquer, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Pierre Macquer

French chemist

Date of Birth: 09-Oct-1718

Place of Birth: Paris, Île-de-France, France

Date of Death: 15-Feb-1784

Profession: physician, physicist, chemist

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Libra

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About Pierre Macquer

  • Pierre-Joseph Macquer (9 October 1718, Paris – 15 February 1784, Paris) was an influential French chemist. He is known for his Dictionnaire de chymie (1766).
  • He was also involved in practical applications, to medicine and industry, such as the French development of porcelain.
  • He worked as a chemist in industries, such as the Manufacture de Sèvres or the Gobelins Manufactory.
  • He was an opponent of Lavoisier's theories.
  • The scholar Phillipe Macquer was his brother. In 1752 Macquer showed that the pigment Prussian blue could be decomposed by alkaline solutions into a solid iron hydroxide compound and an aqueous solution of Ferrocyanide. In his 1749 Elemens de Chymie Theorique, Macquer builds on Geoffroy’s 1718 affinity table, by devoting a whole chapter to the topic of chemical affinity: He became adjunct Chemist at the French Academy of Sciences the 5th of April 1745.
  • He later became Associate Chemist in 1766 before being granted the permanent Chair of Chemistry in 1772.
  • In 1768, Macquer was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Read more at Wikipedia