Leo Kanner, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Leo Kanner

American physician and psychiatrist

Date of Birth: 13-Jun-1894

Place of Birth: Galicia, Ukraine

Date of Death: 03-Apr-1981

Profession: scientist, psychiatrist, child psychiatrist

Nationality: United States, Austria

Zodiac Sign: Gemini

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About Leo Kanner

  • Leo Kanner (pronounced /'kæn?r/; June 13, 1894 – April 3, 1981) was an Austrian-American psychiatrist, physician, and social activist best known for his work related to autism.
  • Before working at the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Kanner practiced as a physician in Germany and in South Dakota.
  • In 1943, Kanner published his landmark paper Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact, describing 11 children who were highly intelligent but displayed "a powerful desire for aloneness" and "an obsessive insistence on persistent sameness." He named their condition "early infantile autism," which is now known as autism spectrum disorder.
  • Kanner was in charge of developing the first child psychiatry clinic in the United States and later served as the Chief of Child Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins Hospital.
  • He is one of the co-founders of The Children's Guild, a nonprofit organization serving children, families and child-serving organizations throughout Maryland and Washington, D.C., and dedicated to “Transforming how America Cares for and Educates its Children and Youth.” He is widely considered one of the most influential American psychiatrists of the 20th century.

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