Frederik Stang, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Frederik Stang

Norwegian politician and lawyer

Date of Birth: 14-Jun-1802

Place of Birth: Stokke, Vestfold, Norway

Date of Death: 08-Jun-1884

Profession: lawyer, politician

Nationality: Norway

Zodiac Sign: Gemini

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About Frederik Stang

  • This article is about the Prime Minister, for his grandson the Minister of Justice, see Fredrik Stang.Frederik Stang (4 March 1808 – 8 June 1884) was a Norwegian lawyer, public servant, and politician who served as Norway's first prime minister.Stang was born on the Nordre Rostad farm at Stokke in Vestfold, Norway.
  • He was the son of Lauritz Leganger Stang (1775-1836) and Johanne Margrethe Conradi (1780-1820).
  • His father was a procurator and later a magistrate.
  • At age 13, he entered the Bergen Cathedral School.
  • Stang, known as Friederich until the 1830s, entered the study of law at the age of 16 and passed the bar exam in 1828.In 1830, he accepted a position as lecturer of law at the University of Oslo.
  • During this time, he published a seminal text on Norwegian constitutional law.
  • He went over to private practice in 1834, where he distinguished himself as a trial attorney, especially in supreme court cases.In 1846, Stang became the most senior civil servant in the newly formed (and no longer existent) Domestic Ministry.
  • He served in this position until 1856, and his tenure was characterized by tireless efforts to modernize Norway's economic infrastructure.
  • In addition to improving the road network, harbors, canals, and lighthouses, he was in great measure responsible for Norway and Scandinavia's first railroad, from Oslo to Eidsvoll.
  • He also worked hard to elevate the importance and function of agriculture in Norway, initiating the formation of a university-level school of agriculture, commissioned travelling agrarians, and encouraged better breeding among Norwegian farm animals. In 1861, after a brief stint as mayor of Oslo, Stang was appointed to the Norwegian cabinet.
  • His time as a political leader was characterized by considerable discord within the Norwegian parliament and between Norway and the Swedish government.
  • In 1865, Stang founded the Norwegian Red Cross.
  • In 1870, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Until 1873, the king of the personal union between Sweden and Norway governed Norway through two cabinets: one in Stockholm and another, led by a viceroy in Kristiania, now Oslo.
  • After the viceroy position had been vacant for some time, the post of prime minister for Norway was instituted in 1873, and Stang was appointed.
  • Although there was also a prime minister in Stockholm, the one in Norway had the most influence over state affairs.
  • In spite of efforts to reconcile opposing political forces, his party was reduced to a minority position during his tenure.
  • In a gesture of spite, the parliament cut his pension in half in 1881; the citizens of Oslo raised money to make up for the shortfall, and he donated this to a foundation to advance the study of law.

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