Richard Rush (August 29, 1780 – July 30, 1859) was the 8th United States Attorney General and the 8th United States Secretary of the Treasury.
He also served as John Quincy Adams's running mate on the National Republican ticket in 1828.
Born in Philadelphia to Benjamin Rush, a prominent physician and Founding Father, Richard Rush graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1797 and pursued a legal career.
After gaining renown for his oratorical skills, he was appointed as Attorney General of Pennsylvania in 1811.
Later that year, President James Madison appointed Rush to the position of Comptroller of the Treasury, and Rush became one of Madison's closest advisers during the War of 1812.
Madison elevated Rush to the position of United States Attorney General in 1814.
Rush remained in that position after James Monroe took office, and he also briefly served as the acting Secretary of State.
In this capacity he concluded the Rush–Bagot Treaty, which limited naval armaments on the Great Lakes.
After John Quincy Adams returned to the United States to assume the position of Secretary of State, Rush was appointed as the ambassador to Britain.
In 1825, Rush accepted Adams's offer to serve as Secretary of the Treasury.
When Adams sought re-election in 1828, he chose Rush as his running mate, but Adams lost the presidential election to Andrew Jackson.
After the election, Rush served as a diplomat for various groups, and he helped establish the Smithsonian Institution.
During the presidency of James K.
Polk, Rush served as the minister to France.
He returned to the United States in 1849 and died in Philadelphia in 1859.