Tantia Tope was a general in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and one of its notable leaders.
He was born as Ramachandra Panduranga to a Marathi Deshastha Brahmin family and took on the title Tope, meaning commanding officer.
His first name Tantia meant General.
A personal adherent of Nana Saheb of Bithur, he progressed with the Gwalior contingent after the British reoccupied Kanpur and forced General Windham to retreat from the city.
Later on, he came to the relief of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and with her seized the city of Gwalior.
However, he was defeated by General Napier's British Indian troops at Ranod and after a further defeat at Sikar abandoned the campaign.
He was executed by the British Government at Shivpuri on 18 April 1859.
According to an official statement, Tantia Tope's father was Panduranga, an inhabitant of Jola Pargannah, Patoda Zilla Nagar, in present-day Maharashtra.
Tope was a Mara?ha Vashista Brahman by birth.
In a government letter, he was said to be the minister of Baroda, while he was held identical to Nana Sahib in another communication.
A witness at his trial described Tantia Tope as 'a man of middling stature, with a wheat complexion and always wearing a white chukri-dar turban.