Richard Mentor Johnson, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Richard Mentor Johnson

Ninth Vice President of the United States

Date of Birth: 17-Oct-1780

Place of Birth: Louisville, Kentucky, United States

Date of Death: 19-Nov-1850

Profession: lawyer, politician

Nationality: United States

Zodiac Sign: Libra

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About Richard Mentor Johnson

  • Richard Mentor Johnson (October 17, 1780[a] – November 19, 1850) was a politician and the ninth vice president of the United States from 1837 to 1841.
  • He is the only vice president elected by the United States Senate under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment.
  • Johnson also represented Kentucky in the U.S.
  • House of Representatives and Senate; he began and ended his political career in the Kentucky House of Representatives. Johnson was elected to the U.S.
  • House of Representatives in 1806 in the early Federal period.
  • He became allied with fellow Kentuckian Henry Clay as a member of the War Hawks faction that favored war with Britain in 1812.
  • At the outset of the War of 1812, Johnson was commissioned a colonel in the Kentucky Militia and commanded a regiment of mounted volunteers from 1812 to 1813.
  • He and his brother James served under William Henry Harrison in Upper Canada.
  • Johnson participated in the Battle of the Thames.
  • Some reported that he personally killed the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, a claim that he later used to his political advantage. After the war, Johnson returned to the House of Representatives.
  • The state legislature appointed him to the Senate in 1819 to fill the seat vacated by John J.
  • Crittenden.
  • With his increasing prominence, Johnson was criticized for his interracial relationship with Julia Chinn, a mixed-race slave who was classified as octoroon (or seven-eighths white).
  • It worked against his political ambitions because Johnson did not hide the relationship.
  • Unlike other upper-class planters and leaders who had African-American mistresses or concubines, but never acknowledged them, Johnson treated Chinn as his common law wife.
  • He acknowledged their two daughters as his children, giving them his surname, much to the consternation of some of his constituents.
  • It is believed that because of this, the state legislature picked another candidate for the US Senate in 1828, forcing Johnson to leave in 1829.
  • But his Congressional district voted for him and returned him to the House in the next election.
  • In 1836, Johnson was the Democratic nominee for vice-president on a ticket with Martin Van Buren.
  • Campaigning with the slogan "Rumpsey Dumpsey, Rumpsey Dumpsey, Colonel Johnson killed Tecumseh", Johnson fell one short of the electoral votes needed to secure his election.
  • Virginia's delegation to the Electoral College refused to endorse Johnson, abstaining instead.He was elected to the office by the US Senate.
  • Johnson proved such a liability for the Democrats in the 1836 election that they refused to renominate him for vice-president in 1840.
  • President Van Buren campaigned for re-election without a running mate.
  • He lost to William Henry Harrison, a Whig.
  • Johnson tried to return to public office but was defeated.
  • He finally was elected to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1850, but he died on November 19, 1850, just two weeks into his term.

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